Twinning: International partnerships between public authorities
Within the framework of the Twinning programme, experts from Federal Government and Länder authorities are posted to partner countries, usually for a period of up to two years, to carry out projects in collaboration with local experts. Typical projects include setting up government institutions or preparing new legislation.
Since the beginning of the Twinning programme (1998), there have been more than 3,200 calls for proposals. Germany is the most active EU member state with more than 750 implemented projects. The BMEL has also made good use of this instrument over the past years, participating in around 155 Twinning projects.
Not only are Twinning projects a strategic instrument for the BMEL's foreign trade relations, they also promote bilateral cooperation and improve contacts for negotiations in Brussels. The Twinning programme was originally designed to support EU accession candidates (i.e. future member states) in the implementation of European legislation. But in recent years, the scope has been extended to include additional potential candidate countries and now also comprises EU neighbouring countries without accession prospects.
Map of the Twinning programme regions and partner countries
In the map on the right, the EU Twinning programme regions are shown in orange. Countries in which the BMEL is currently implementing or planning to implement projects are shaded.
The BMEL is currently conducting Twinning projects in the following countries:
- As of: