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Understanding Farming

The film written down

DescriptionSpeaker's text
The title is being inserted. It reads "Understanding Farming".How does agriculture work in Germany?                                            
A map of Germany with many different farms is being inserted. Next to the map, the text "How does agriculture work in Germany?" is inserted.Agriculture has changed dramatically. Today, fewer holdings farm more land and keep more animals per farm than in the past.
The camera is zooming in on a group of farms. Next to it one can see a hill with a cow standing on top of it. A text line underneath the farms says "1,146,900 farms", the one under the hill "11.1 hectares". The hill grows, more cows appear. The number of farms decreases. The new numbers: "258,000 farms", "58.6 hectares".Technological progress is just one reason for this development. Modern machinery enables farmers to farm more land and to keep more animals.
Two hills are sliding into the image from the left and the right side. In between the hills a farm is visible. In front of the farm, a tractor, a laptop and a combine harvester are being inserted. The right hill, which has ears of wheat on it, grows. On the green hill on the left hand side several cows appear.And almost all farms are specialized holdings. Yet not every farmer decides to invest in expensive machinery.
The farm turns into two farms. One is dedicated to the yellow hill, one to the green hill. Euro signs are inserted on the technical devices. The camera is zooming in on the green hill that has a female farmer standing on top of it.When jobs in the manufacturing and service industry seem more attractive or in the case of farms which for various reasons do not have good future prospects, growth-oriented farms take over the land.
On the farmers head, a helmet is inserted as well as a tie on her torso. Next to the farmer, two crossed out icons appear: one has a field on it, the other one a family with two children. To the right, an icon shows a house being swapped with a Euro coin.Yet 90 percent of all holdings are still family farms.
The focus is zooming back on the farms. A young and an elderly farmer couple are standing at the front. Above, the number "90 %" is inserted. Can the domestic farming sector feed Germany?
An empty plate with a fork and a knife next to it appears. On the plate, the text "Can the domestic farming sector feed Germany?" is being inserted.Germany's farmers provide a broad array of culinary delights. Our agricultural sector has become much more productive. In Germany, we even produce more than we consume in the case of quite a number of foods. Yet we rely on additional imports of eggs, vegetables and fruit, for example.
On the plate, boiled potatoes, a steak, an apple and a piece of cheese appear one after another. A second set of cutlery appears and is being cut out again. Next, a fried egg, broccoli and slices of orange are inserted on the plate.In the early 1950s, a farmer was able to feed 10 people. Nowadays a farmer can feed almost 150 people.
The focus is zooming out of the plate. One can see a table with ten seats where ten plates appear, one after another. The focus zooms further out and three long tables with 150 plates become visible.Wheat yields per hectare have almost tripled. And today hens lay more eggs per year than in the past.
The image section is shifting upwards, where a hen in front of a wheat field becomes visible. The wheat ears in the back grow to the upper edge of the image. The hen is laying eggs, which roll out of the right side of the image.How do I know whether livestock are kept in line with animal welfare requirements?
The focus in zooming in on one of the eggs. On the egg, the text "How do I know whether livestock are kept in line with animal welfare requirements?" is insertedAnimal welfare is an important issue for both farmers and consumers. For instance, many farmers invest in new animal housing in order to further improve husbandry conditions.
The focus is zooming in on one of the eggs. On the egg, one can see a stable building with a cow, a pig and chicken standing in front of it. From above, Euro coins are falling into the roof. The stable is growing.Different animal welfare labels inform consumers about these conditions. One important label is the animal welfare label.
In fast motion, eggs with different labels on them are being shown: the "EU-Bio-Logo", the German "BIO"- label, the initiative "Tierwohl", the "Tierschutz-kontrolliert"-label, the "Neuland"-label and the animal protection label "Für mehr Tierschutz". The image stops at the last label.To obtain it, farmers need to provide e.g. 33% more space for pigs in their sties. More animal welfare drives costs up, hence consumers need to be prepared to pay higher prices.
A stable appears in the image, with a pig in front of a trough in it. The "Tierschutz"-label can be seen in the top left corner. The stable fencing is moving aside, the stable is growing a third. The "Tierschutz"-label is being placed on the pig. The pig is being pushed up by a stack of coins.How do farmers actually make their money?
Next to the coin stack the lines "How do farmers meanwhile make their money?" are being inserted.Over half of all farmers earn their living mainly from farming. The remaining farmers earn most of their income in other jobs.
A big coin is rolling into the image from the right and exposes four icons for the sources of income: grain, cow, chicken, carrot. The female farmer is being inserted with a helmet and a tie, the symbols of the alternative professions.Many farmers also run farm shops, offer farm holidays or produce renewable energy.
The camera is moving upwards. Three icons appear: A market stall, a half-timbering farmhouse on a hill and a biogas plant. Most farm income is generated by meat, milk, and other animal products. Our farm sector is the biggest dairy producer in the EU. We consume about half of all these dairy products ourselves, the other half is exported, for the most part to the EU.
The coin with the cow is being shown. Next to the cow, meat and a milk can appear. The screen is filling up with milk from below. Half of it is being drunk with a straw. A ship with EU-flags on it is swimming through the image from the left to the right. How does the Federal Government support our farmers in being fit for the future?
The sun is rising in the back. On it, the lines "How does the Federal Government support our farmers in being fit for the future?" are inserted. It supports farmers in their work to conserve the environment and agricultural landscapes, it strengthens the competitiveness of and ensures the development of rural areas. And it supports dialogue between farmers and society.
Tracking shot over a cultural scene with meadows, trees and hills with cows. Bees are flying over the hill. On an apple tree, several apples appear. The shot ends with two farms. In front of the left one, a second tractor appears, next to the right one, a third silo pops up. The wheat field in the back is growing. A bus is driving through the image and stops. Two speech bubbles with the words "Agriculture" and "Society" appear.A special promotion programme for young farmers improves opportunities for the next generation.
The scene is changing. A young farmer couple is standing in front of a wheat field. The wheat ears are growing. Next to the couple, a toddler on a bobby car appears. And what support is provided to organic farmers? So many questions remain. Why are antibiotics used in animal husbandry? Why do we import soybeans from Brazil? And does Germany cultivate genetically modified crops?
One big and several small question marks appear.Our brochure has answers.
The video ends with the logo of the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture. Under the title "Understanding Farming" the URL www.bmel.de/publications is being inserted.

Zum Thema

Geschafft: Mehr Tierwohl

Mit unserer Initiative "Eine Frage der Haltung" setzen wir neue Maßstäbe in der Nutztierhaltung und verbessern die Beratung zu Haustieren.

more: Geschafft: Mehr Tierwohl …

Das Forschungsprojekt zur Geschlechtsbestimmung im Ei

Startbild für das Video „Das Forschungsprojekt zur Geschlechtsbestimmung im Ei“

Im Rahmen seiner Initiative "Eine Frage der Haltung - Neue Wege für mehr Tierwohl" fördert das BMEL das Verbundforschungsprojekt zur "In-Ovo-Geschlechtsbestimmung" an der Universität Leipzig. Die Geschlechtsbestimmung am befruchteten Hühnerei stellt nach derzeitigem Kenntnisstand die Option mit dem größten Potential dar, um das Töten männlicher Küken zu beenden. Der Film erläutert die Hintergründe und erklärt das Verfahren.

show video: Das Forschungsprojekt zur Geschlechtsbestimmung im Ei …

Informationen zum Veterinärwesen

Filme des aid infodienst

Publikationen

Schritte zu mehr Tierwohl

Per Click zur Broschüre "Schritte zu mehr Tierwohl"

Die Broschüre informiert über bereits getätigte und zukünftige Schritte hin zu mehr Tierwohl.

Der Fokus liegt auf den Planungen für ein staatliches Tierwohllabel und den Alternativen zum Töten männlicher Küken.

Vereinbarung zur Verbesserung des Tierwohls, insbesondere zum Verzicht auf das Schnabelkürzen in der Haltung von Legehennen und Mastputen

Cover der Broschüre Eine Frage der Haltung - Neue Wege für mehr Tierwohl

Mit der vorliegenden freiwilligen Vereinbarung setzt das Bundeslandwirtschaftsministerium gemeinsam mit der Geflügelwirtschaft einen zentralen Baustein der Tierwohl-Initiative "Eine Frage der Haltung – neue Wege für mehr Tierwohl" um. In der Vereinbarung verpflichtet sich die Geflügelwirtschaft, das Kürzen der Schnäbel von Legehennen und Mastputen abzuschaffen. Daneben wurde eine verstärkte Zusammenarbeit zwischen der Branche und dem BMEL unter anderem in den Bereichen Forschung, Modell- und Demonstrationsvorhaben sowie Beratung vereinbart.

Bundesminister Christian Schmidt freut sich über das Ergebnis: "Ein weiterer Meilenstein beim Tierwohl ist uns gelungen. Einmal mehr zeigt sich, dass das Prinzip der freiwilligen Verbindlichkeit trägt: miteinander sprechen und gemeinsam praxistaugliche Lösungen entwickeln. Mein Ziel ist es, mehr Tierwohl in die Ställe zu bringen. Auf diesem Weg sind wir wieder ein gutes Stück vorangekommen."

Tierschutzbericht der Bundesregierung 2015

Cover der Broschüre: Tierschutzbericht 2015

Bereits zum zwölften Mal legt die Bundesregierung den Tierschutzbericht vor und verdeutlicht damit den Stellenwert des Tierschutzes in der Gesellschaft. Berichtszeitraum sind die Jahre 2011 bis 2014.

Neue Wege für mehr Tierwohl - Ein Magazin des BMEL

Titelbild des BMEL-Magazins "Neue Wege für mehr Tierwohl"

Es tut sich was in Sachen Tierwohl: Das Thema wird wichtiger, für Verbraucherinnen und Verbraucher genauso wie für die Landwirte. Immer mehr Menschen möchten dazu beitragen, dass es den Tieren, die für unsere Lebensmittel sorgen, im Stall und auf der Weide gut geht. Denn Ernährung ist auch eine Frage der Haltung: Wie halten wir Schweine, Kühe oder Legehennen? Wie halten wir es selbst beim Einkauf im Alltag, wenn wir an der Fleischtheke stehen?

Wir stellen Ihnen in diesem Magazin Menschen vor, die in ihrem Bereich Haltung zeigen: als Landwirt, Tierarzt oder Wissenschaftlerin. Wir erklären, warum manche Lösung schwieriger ist, als sie zunächst erscheint. Wir zeigen, welche faszinierenden Ideen es in Deutschland gibt, Tieren noch respektvoller zu begegnen. Und wir informieren, was Sie als Verbraucher tun können, wenn Sie selbst beim Einkauf auf eine besonders artgerechte Tierhaltung und auf Tierschutz achten wollen.

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