2015 fishing quotas for the Baltic Sea: Baltic herring continues on the road to recovery
On 13 October 2014, the EU Fisheries Ministers reached political agreement on the 2015 fishing opportunities in the Baltic Sea.
"The herring stocks of the Baltic continue on the road to recovery. This is good news for sustainability and a good prerequisite for the fisheries in Schleswig-Holstein and Mecklenburg Western-Pomerania to make up for the income losses suffered in the past few years," said Dr. Robert Kloos, the State Secretary at the Federal Ministry of Food, with regard to the decisions of the Fisheries Ministers on the total allowable catch and quotas for the Baltic Sea in 2015. He continued by stating that, all in all, the decisions of the Fisheries Ministers ensured that most stocks in the Baltic Sea would already be managed according to the principle of the so-called maximum sustainable yield next year. He said that the intention was to achieve this for the other stocks, including in particular cod, by 2016.
For the German Baltic Sea fisheries, the quotas for herring and cod are of particular importance. In 2015 they are being increased by 12 percent for western herring and even 45 percent for eastern herring. For cod the situation is different. Here the scientists assessed the stock status a lot more positively in the past few years than it actually was. The council has therefore now decided - taking into consideration the ban on discards as of 1 January 2015 - to cut the quota by 6.7 percent for the western cod and by 22 percent for eastern cod. For plaice the fishermen will be able to catch the same amounts as this year, for sprat a quota cut of 11 percent is planned. The number of days fishermen may spend at sea on fishing voyages remains the same as in 2014.
State Secretary Dr. Kloos specifically welcomed the multi-species plan for the Baltic Sea presented by the Commission last week which covers the stocks of cod, herring and sprat. "This long-announced proposal will increase the planning predictability for the Baltic Sea fisheries considerably," Kloos said.
The total allowable catches are decided solely by the Council in accordance with the Treaty of Lisbon. A consultation with the European Parliament is not stipulated. The basis for next year's proposal (2015) is the scientific advisory opinion of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES).
In detail, the Council decided on the following total allowable catches and quotas:
|Baltic TACs and quotas relevant for Germany 2015|
|EU Total Allowable Catch 2015||German Quota 2015||German Quota 2014||Difference 2015/2014|
|in tons (t), salmon: numbers|
|Herring Western Baltic (Areas 22-24)||22.220||12.259||10.900||12 %|
|Herring Eastern Baltic (Areas 25-27)||163.451||953||658||45 %|
|Cod Western Baltic (Areas 22-24)||15.900||3.393||3.636||-6,7 %|
|Cod Eastern Baltic (Areas 25-32)||51.429||4.700||6.025||-22 %|
|Salmon Areas 22-31||95.928||2.212||2.457||-10 %|
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