Plant production

Plant production is at the beginning of the agricultural value chain. The regulations on good agricultural practice make an important contribution to ensuring sustainable production. Plant production in Germany is diverse, ranging from arable farming, horticulture and fruit growing to the cultivation of wine and hops.

In all areas, competitive agriculture is dependent on high and consistent yields. Successful plant breeding, fertilisation, plant protection and the maintenance of soil fertility are crucial factors. The application of green genetic engineering is also becoming increasingly important in plant production worldwide. Here, a balance must be struck between safety and profitability.

Arable land from a bird's eye perspective
© Christian Schwier -

Overview of topics

Protein Crop Strategy

Expanding the crop rotations in Germany and Europe to include more plants, in particular legumes (known botanically as pulses), is an important part of making agriculture more sustainable. In the Coalition Agreement for the 19th legislative term, the coalition parties stated that it would make the cultivation of legumes more appealing by further developing the Protein Crop Strategy.



Plants need nutrients in a “balanced” ratio to ensure optimal growth. Fertilisation in line with good professional practice provides plants with the necessary plant nutrients and maintains and promotes soil fertility. In 2017, national fertiliser law was substantially amended in order to bring it into line with new technical requirements to improve the efficacy of fertilisation and to reduce environmental pollution.


National Action Plan on the Sustainable Use of Plant Protection Products

The objective of the National Action Plan on the Sustainable Use of Plant Protection Products is to further reduce the risks associated with the use of pesticides.


Arable Farming Strategy 2035

Arable farming produces the great majority of basic foodstuffs and animal feed and therefore represents the foundation for our daily food. The past decades have seen a significant increase in output. This guarantees a secure, high-quality supply of food.


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