Forests

German forests have many faces, talents and functions. They leave their mark on landscapes, provide a habitat for plants and animals and help to protect the climate, water and soils. At the same time, forests provide an area for recreation and exercise and form part of our cultural identity. Our forests are therefore, at the same time, natural environments and places to pursue recreation and engage in economic activities.

They have been managed in a sustainable manner for 300 years now.

In international forest policy, the Federal Government takes a stance against illegal logging and advocates global forest conservation.

Look into a mixed forest
© John Smith - stock.adobe.com

Overview of topics

Forests in Ger­many

Our forests are all-rounders: they are sources of raw materials, climate change mitigators, wellness havens, habitats for countless animal and plant species and much more. Covering 32 percent of Germany, forests are a major feature of our country.

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Forests around the globe

BMEL co-ordinates the federal government’s international forest policy and is committed both to combating ongoing deforestation and illegal logging, and to promoting sustainable forest management. Nine million hectares of natural forest are destroyed every year, particularly in tropical countries.

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Recommendations

En­vi­ron­men­tal for­est mon­i­tor­ing (topic:forest)

Politics, industry, administrative bodies and the public need reliable and up-to-date data on forests. This need for information is met by the National Forest Inventory and the surveys on environmental forest monitoring. 

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Forests and for­est man­age­ment con­tribute to the Fed­er­al Gov­ern­ment’s sus­tain­abil­i­ty goals (topic:agenda-2030)

Forest management contributes to achieving the Federal Government’s sustainability goals. Like no other area, forest management is geared towards the requirements of future generations. The total forest area and the stocks of biomass and timber have been increasing for years despite being used.

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For­est Cli­mate Fund (topic:forest)

The purview of the Forest Climate Fund is to expand the potential impact of forests and timber use on climate change mitigation and to support the adaptation of our forests to climate change. This Fund is part of the programme associated with the Energy and Climate Fund. Since 2013, it has been operated under the joint responsibility of the Federal Ministries of Agriculture (BMEL) and the Environment (BMU) on the basis of a decision by the German Bundestag.

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De­for­esta­tion-free sup­ply chains: agri­cul­tur­al pro­duc­tion with­out for­est de­struc­tion (topic:forest)

One of the biggest drivers of forest destruction worldwide is the legal and illegal conversion of forests into farmland. This mainly affects forests in the tropics. For successful international forest protection, agricultural commodities must be produced as sustainably as possible. This also means: without destroying forest areas.

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The 14 green pro­fes­sions (topic:training)

The 14 green professions in Germany offer young people varied and diverse opportunities with good prospects for the future.

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